Ключи (ответы) к упражнениям учебного пособия «Практическая грамматика для ОГЭ и ЕГЭ» (Словохотов К.П.)

Ключи (ответы) к упражнениям учебного пособия «Практическая грамматика для ОГЭ и ЕГЭ» (Словохотов К.П.)

Ключи предназначены исключительно для самопроверки. Любой язык предполагает возможность выразить одну и ту же мысль несколькими способами, поэтому всегда лучше думать самостоятельно и обращаться к готовым ответам лишь в случае затруднений. Кроме того, любой опытный учитель с легкостью отличит самостоятельно выполненную работу учащегося от списанной с ключей.

Ex. 1

He – Mike, Peter, father, brother
She – sister, Mary, Ann

It – table, house

They – children, parents, pencils, buses, teachers

We – my friend and I

Ex. 2

1. her 2. them 3. him 4. us 5. you

Ex. 3

my umbrella, my school, my teacher, my keyboard, my room

our stadium, our clock, our friends, our street, our answers

his relatives, his door, his question, his parents, his mark

her handbag, her toothbrush, her coat, her classmates, her music

its tail, its ears, its colour, its price, its height

your watch, your laptop, your idea, your neighbours, your story

their names, their keys, their songs, their magazines, their hobbies

Ex. 4

1. her 2. my, yours 3. your, ours 4. their, ours 5. your, mine

Ex. 5

parties, bones, ponies, boys, hoofs/hooves, grooves, palms, wolves, mosquitoes/mosquitos, strawberries, arrays, halls, residences, photos, radios, cellos, scarves, dwarves, witnesses, perches, taxes, waves, dashes, seas, lilies, studies, claws, paws, days, daisies, phrases, clutches, vases, noses, losses, kilos, ponds, bushes

Ex. 6

1. Geese are quite big birds. 2. Shark teeth are very sharp. 3. Mice are usually grey. 4. These men are from Sweden. 5. Are those people your parents? 6. Not all kinds of scorpions are equally dangerous. 7. Sheep are domestic animals. 8. Is this your sheep? 9. My feet are cold. 10. These children are not from our school. 11. Who is this woman? 12. Those women are French. 13. This is a tiger’s tooth. 14. It is a reindeer in the photo. 15. The last series is very boring. 16. This car is only for one person. 17. Where is the child? – In his/her room. 18. Lice are a source of different infections. 19. These scissors are blunt, take the new ones. 20. During the holidays and festivals the police are busier than usual. 21. Your luggage is already on board the plane. 22. All the information in this book is valuable. 23. I think these jeans are tight for you. 24. Grandpa’s glasses are on the sofa, don’t sit down on them! 25. Glass is a fragile material. 26. This is all the news for today. 27. All the furniture in our flat is new. 28. Asian culture is different from European culture. 29. Your advice is very important to us. 30. Physics is a very difficult subject.

Ex. 7

Американское побережье, фотоаппарат моего дедушки, дом ее бабушки и дедушки, улыбка ее ребенка, машина моего брата, дочь Миссис Уиттс, глаза кошки, нора мышей, лодка Мистера и Миссис Смит

Ex. 8

the coast of America, the camera of my grandfather, the house of her grandparents, the smile of her child, the car of my brother, the portrait of Mrs Whitt, the boat of Mr and Mrs Smith

Ex. 9

a teacher’s child, the parrot’s food, the Smirnovs’ house, Alaska’s nature, the book’s title (редкое употребление), a bird’s wing, John’s guitar, a spider’s leg

Ex. 10

brother’s piano, Mom’s sister, my friend’s motorbike, these artists’ pictures, the window of the house, the main character’s words, grandpa’s glasses, the students’ marks, those pupils’ answers, his sister’s exercise-book, the army of America, our ancestors’ ideas, birds’ voices

Ex. 12

1. Я менеджер. Моя жена не менеджер. Она врач.

2. Мой сын учитель. Я не учитель. Я инженер.

3. Вы не зубной врач. Он зубной врач. Вы студент.

4. Они летчики. Они не инженеры.

5. Мы менеджеры. Мы не учителя.  Они учителя.

6. Майк – зубной врач. Он не студент.

7. Кейт – не студентка. Она врач.

8. Кейт и Майк – менеджеры. Они не инженеры.

Ex. 13

1. am 2. is 3. are 4. are 5. are 6. are 7. is 8. is 9. are 10. is

Ex. 15

1. is 2. is 3. is, is 4. is 5. is 6. is

Ex. 16

1. Russia, Russian 2. America, American 3. Germany, German 4. Italy, Italian 5. America, American 6. Spain, Spanish 7. Sweden, Swedish 8. Denmark, Danish 9. Brazil, Brazilian 10. France, French

Ex. 17

1. Chinese, are 2. is, American 3. German, are 4. [The] English, is 5. Italian, is 6. [The]  Egyptian, are 7. Australian, are

Ex. 18

1. Is Mary a beautiful girl? 2. Is Joggy a dog? 3. Are you a dentist? 4. Are we students? 5. Are they good workers? 6. Is Moscow the capital of Russia? 7. Am I (Are you) an engineer?

Ex. 19

1. I am not a doctor. 2. Nina is not a student. 3. They are not good journalists. 4. Fussy is not a cat. 5. Barcelona is not the capital of Italy. 6. You are not a dentist.

Ex. 20

1. Peter is not a journalist. He is an engineer. 2. Are you a dentist? No, I am not a dentist. I am a driver. 3. Woopie is a dog. Woopie is not a cat. Woopie is a clever dog. 4. Barcelona is not the capital of Spain. Is Rome the capital of Italy? 5. Is London a beautiful city?

Ex. 21

1. They are twins. They are ten (years old). 2. Are you thirty? 3. My grandma is one hundred years old. 4. Peter is not six, he is only five. 5. My sister is little. She is two. 6. How old are you? – I am twenty.

Ex. 22

1. Is this animal dangerous? 2. These are cars. They are reliable. 3. That girl is really talented. 4. This is a driver. He is good. 5. This house is big, and that one (one заменяет существительное, чтобы не было повторения) is bigger. 6. This boy is very clever. 7. Those books on the shelf are not mine. 8. Is this your bag?

Ex. 23

1b 2c 3c 4a 5b 6a

Ex. 25

1. lives, works, like 2. go, like, likes 3. reads, watch 4. play, like 5. watches, watches

Ex. 26

1. My brother doesn’t live… His wife doesn’t work… They don’t like…

Does my (your) brother live… ? Does his wife work… ? Do they like … ?

2. We don’t often go… I don’t like… My sister doesn’t like…

Do we (you) often go … ? Do you like … ? Does my (your) sister like…?

3. My grandfather doesn’t read … We don’t watch TV …

Does your grandfather read … ? Do you (we) watch TV… ?

4. They don’t play… You don’t like …

Do they play…? Do you like… ?

5. She doesn’t watch… Her mother doesn’t watch…

Does she watch…? Does her mother watch… ?

Примечание: в отрицательных предложениях «тоже» — “either” вместо “too”.

Ex. 27

1. I like football. 2. My sister plays tennis. 3. Peter lives in the USA. 4. Their friends go to the cinema. 5. Chekhov is a Russian writer. 6. His sister is old. 7. His son is clever. 8. Mr Watson speaks French well. 9. People like this café. 10. The station is far from here.

Ex. 28

1. Is your sister a journalist? – No, she is a teacher.

2. Do you like apples? – Yes, I do.

3. Let’s go to the cinema. The new film is very interesting.

4. Go to the shop and buy some bread, please.

5. Don’t make a noise. I have a headache.

Ex. 29

1. I don’t like to read newspapers. 2. Does he like to sleep long? 3. Do you like to watch TV? 4. My mom’s brother wants to buy a new car. 5. Jack’s father likes to smoke a pipe. 6. Our teacher asks us to help. 7. My friend’s sister hates to work. She likes to stay at home and watch TV. 8. Why do you ask us to do the work? 9. My brother would like to learn German. 10. My friend’s mom would like to go to Greece.

Ex. 31

1. There isn’t new wallpaper … Is there new wallpaper … ?

2. There isn’t an interesting story…. Is there an interesting story … ?

3. There isn’t a new shop… Is there a new shop … ?

4. There aren’t many sweets … Are there many sweets … ?

5. There aren’t 24 pencils … Are there 24 pencils… ?

6. There isn’t much sugar… Is there much sugar… ?

7. There isn’t much ice … Is there much ice … ?

8. There aren’t ants … Are there ants … ?

9. There aren’t many topics … Are there many topics… ?

10. There isn’t a hole … Is there a hole… ?

Ex. 32

1. There are two windows in our room. 2. Are there mountains in Germany? 3. There is a small sofa on the balcony. 4. There are sixteen floors in our house (block of flats). 5. There is a gym on the first floor. 6. Are there (any) messages for me? 7. There are about 300 photos in this album. 8. There is no electricity at home today. 9. Is there life on Mars? 10. Are there soft toys (stuffed animals) for children in the shop?

Ex. 35

1. The TV is big. It is in the living-room. 2. The cat sleeps on the sofa. 3. This picture is beautiful. Is it new? – Yes, it is new and not expensive. 4. The lamp is bright. 5. Do they have a garage? 6. I don’t have a desk in my room. / There is no des in my room. 7. The sofa is next to the wardrobe. 8. There is a mirror in the bathroom. 9. There are two windows in our room. 10. There is an old armchair in his room.

Ex. 36

1. his 2. our 3. my 4. their 5. your 6. its 7. her

Ex. 37

1. We read your books. They are interesting. 2. Do you read our books? – Yes, we read them every day. 3. Do they play football? 4. Their house is nice and cosy. 5. My friends do not live in Moscow, they live in Smolensk. 6. Your parents don’t have a car. 7. Do your sisters live in Germany? 8. Our brothers live in England. They are engineers. 9. My tea is cold. I do not drink cold tea. 10. Do you live on the ground floor? 11. Let’s play this game. 12. Don’t eat many sweets. It is not healthy.

Ex. 39

1. What 2. How 3. When/Where 4. Why 5. How much 6. How many 7. When 8. What 9. Which 10. What 11. What 12. Where

Ex. 40

1. Where does the cat usually sleep? 2. How do you draw/paint these portraits? 3. Why does he work on Sunday? 4. When do you get up? 5. What does his father usually read? 6. Where do they buy these magazines? 7. What does her mom do? 8. What do you know about sharks? 9. Where is my bag? 10. Who is this person/man? 11. Where is her brother from? / Where does her brother come from? 12. Where are your parents from? / Where do your parents come from? 13. Who do you go to the cinema with? / With whom do you go to the cinema?

Ex. 41

These are my parents. My mom is a doctor and dad is an engineer. Mom works at a hospital. She is a dentist. Dad works at a German plant.  The plant produces cars. My parents have a car. We go to the country at the weekend. My dad likes sport. He plays tennis with his friends or with me. Mom likes books and magazines. She reads a lot. She knows German and English, reads foreign magazines and watches films. Dad knows German and learns English. He often goes abroad – five or six times a year. I learn English too. I like the English language and English culture.

Ex. 42

1. Who speaks German in your family? 2. Who Sends John greetings cards? 3. Who leaves dirty dishes on the table? 4. What happens in spring when the weather is warm? / What melts in spring? 5. Who lives next door? 6. What brings luck to people? 7. Who sleeps in the living-room?

Ex. 43

1. Who usually locks the classroom? 2. How many drivers work in your company? 3. Who knows foreign languages in your family? 4. How many security officers guard the bank? 5. What removes rust stains well? 6. What flowers last long in a vase? 7. What influences the weather? 8. Whose relatives live in the USA? 9. Who doesn’t have the timetable?

Ex. 45

1. Do you study Maths at the university? 2. Is English your favourite subject? 3. Do your parents drive a car? 4. Is Mike’s brother a pupil or a student? 5. Do people often laugh at you? 6. Does Sally have porridge for breakfast? 7. Would you like to help us tomorrow? 8. Isn’t this kitchen cosy? 9. Who is the eldest in Pam’s family?

Ex. 46

1. Who goes to the cinema in summer? How often do you go to the cinema in summer? Where do you go in summer? When do you often go to the cinema?

2. Who doesn’t like fish? Why doesn’t he like fish? What doesn’t your brother like? What fish doesn’t he like?

3. Who drinks tea every day? How much tea do you drink a day? Do you drink tea every day? What do you drink every day? What tea do you drink every day?

4. Whose friend studies at the University of Foreign Languages? Where does your friend study? Does your friend study at the university? What university does he study at?

5. Who works at a hospital? Where does John work as a surgeon? What does John do at the hospital?

6. What is there behind your house? Where is the tall tree? What tree is there behind your house?

7. How many interesting articles are there in the newspaper? Where are there interesting articles? What newspapers are the interesting articles in?

8. What is an unusual Australian animal? What is the platypus? What kind of animal is the platypus?

9. What do you do on Sunday? How long do you sleep on Sunday? When do you sleep long?

10. Who lives in a small village? What village do they live in? Do they live far from the city?

Ex. 47

1. any 2. any 3. no 4. any, any 5. any 6. any, any 7. no 8. any 9. some 10. any

Ex. 48

1. Do you know any interesting stories? 2. He has no education. 3. John has some cats at home. Do you have any pets? 4. There are no people on this island. 5. Are there any people on that island? 6. How many computers are there in this classroom? – There are no computers here. 7. There are some pictures by this artist in Russia. 8. We see mistakes in some books. 9. There is no chalk in the classroom. 10. There is no dust under the sofa, the floor is clean.

Ex. 49

1. any 2. anything 3. somebody, something 4. somewhere 5. anybody 6. anybody 7. any 8. anybody 9. anything 10. any

Ex. 50

This is my friend Michael. He knows some foreign languages/ His favourite language is German. He would like to speak Spanish and he is learning this language now. He has two brothers, but he doesn’t have any sisters. His elder brother lives somewhere in Europe. Michael likes sport. He would like to play tennis professionally in the future. Sometimes we play tennis together.

Ex. 52

1. a few 2. a few 3. little 4. few 5. a little 6. little 7. few 8. a few

Ex. 53

1. a lot 2. many 3. much, a lot 4. much 5. a lot of 6. many 7. many 8. much 9. a lot of 10. a lot of

Ex. 54

A. This is my city. There are a lot of schools, theatres, cafes and restaurants here. 350.000 people live here. Any citizen of our city thinks that it is the best in the country. It is true. My friends and I always enjoy the beauty of the streets and parks. There are two big rivers with beautiful embankments. In summer we like to cycle and often ride to the country. In winter we ski in the park. At the weekend we go to the cinema. There are four modern cinemas in our city and we can choose any of them. There are always some good films there.

B. Where do you live? – I live in a house. There are five rooms in it. My room isn’t big but cosy. There is a TV, a computer, a bed, a wardrobe and a bookcase. I keep all my book shere. I like to read very much and read in bed in the evening. There is a carpet on the floor. There are pictures and photos above the bed. There is a desk in front of the window. You (can) see some flower-pots on the window-sill.

C. — Do you know this person?

— No, I don’t. Who is he?

— He is a friend of Ann’s uncle. This is an old photo.

— I have a lot of old photos at home too. Would you like to take a look at them?

— Certainly, show me something next time.

— Come to me on Thursday.

— I am busy on Thursday. Let’s meet on Friday.

— OK. I have a lot of free time on Friday. I am free at 4 o’clock.

— Do you have any other ideas?

— Yes, there are some good films in the cinema.

— What films are these?

— I don’t remember the titles, let’s read about them on the Internet.

— OK, there is a lot of information there, I think.

— I always read people’s opinions of the films, when I want to watch something.

— What are your favourite films?

— I have few ones. The Green Mile, for example.

— And I have a lot of favourite films. I often watch them again.

Ex. 55

1.  went 2. came, was 3. knew, was 4. didn’t understand, asked 5. lasted, came 6. stopped, saw 7. expressed, wasn’t 8. started, finished 9. didn’t go, was 10. broke

Ex. 56

1. Where did John go in his childhood? 2.  Was it dark when they came home? 3. Who knew what the time was? 4. What did Sue ask the teacher to do? 5. How long did the meeting last? 6. What did you see outside when the bus stopped? 7. What did his face express? 8. When did the rain start and finish? 9. Why didn’t the children go to school on June, 1st? 10. Who broke the tree yesterday?

Ex. 57

I often came to this place in autumn. The wind was usually severe here on top of the hill. A beautiful view of the lake brought memories of the past. I sat here alone, looked at the water which brought calmness into my soul.

Sometimes I spent a few hours here; sometimes I left the place after an hour.

I often saw fishermen here. I never went fishing myself, but it was my dream to do it some day.

And I really liked this place. I had a lot of sketches and oil paintings of it. People willingly bought my landscapes of the place.

Ex. 58

1. He didn’t have a dog in his childhood. He had a cat.

2. Did you have a good time in Italy in summer?

3. We had no time and we didn’t go to the cinema.

4. How many pancakes did you have for breakfast?

5. They didn’t have any ideas about the celebration.

6. Why didn’t you have (any) questions at the lesson?

Ex. 59

1. I usually go shopping in the evening. But yesterday I went shopping in the morning.

2. His aunt always comes in June. But last year she came in August.

3. I know that you usually clean your room. Why didn’t you clean it yesterday?

4. Mr Anders usually doesn’t answer the calls in the office. The secretary does. But yesterday she was ill and he answered the calls.

5. We never buy strawberry ice-cream. But yesterday we did because we made a fruit milkshake.

6. My brother never sleeps in the afternoon. But when he was little he always slept a few hours in the afternoon.

7. The weather is seldom good during this month. But last year it was lovely!

8. Sasha seldom (rarely) goes to the swimming pool. But last week he went there every day because the weather was hot.

9. Ann’s mom always waters the flowers. But yesterday she forgot to do it.

10. Fred never gets letters. But yesterday he got one from his relatives in the USA.

Ex. 60

1. I used to buy the magazine “Ogonyok” (some) ten years ago.
(с помощью some можно указать на примерное количество времени)

2. What did you use to do at the weekend when you were a student?

3. Where did your parents use to spend their vacation?

4. We used to go to the Crimea when I was a schoolboy.

5. I would spend evenings at Mrs Hudson’s place.

6. When we lived here we didn’t use to swim in this lake. It was dirty even at that time.

7. John used to say, “This is my land I don’t want anything else”.

8. We would look at (the) sunset together and dream about the future.

9. Last year we used to spend our free time in the park.

10. Jenny would ask her granny about her childhood.

Ex. 62

1. We were cold because the window was open.

2. The window in the room was open so you caught a cold yesterday.

3. We always stay at this hotel because we like it.

4. The price was suitable so we stayed at this hotel.

5. It was dar k at 11 o’clock that’s why the fishermen came back home.

6. The fishermen packed their things and returned home because it was dark.

7. I would like to know how this device works. Do you know how it works?

8. Some of my classmates have no idea how to do such tasks in Geometry.

9. Do you know how many new subjects we have this year?

10. Why do you think sloths are so lazy?

11. Where do you think we spend our holidays?

12. Tell me which day of the week is your favourite.

14. Please, explain what it means.

15. I need to know when the bank opens.

16. Do you know who leaves the blackboard dirty in the classroom?

Ex. 65

[be в этом упражнении используется 2 раза]

1. wrote, sent 2. made 3. began 4. fed 5. lost 6. gave, was, got 7. chose 8. broke, was 9. stood 10. spoke 11. found


1. What did you do on Friday? 2. How long ago did you go abroad? 3. How many pages of the book did you read yesterday? 4. What places of interest did you visit in Sweden? 5. What languages did you great-grandfather speak?  6. How long did you work yesterday? 7. What subjects did you study at the University? 8. Did you buy any fruit in the supermarket yesterday evening?

Ex. 67

Did you use to go to the swimming pool?

Did you use to argue with your parents?

Did you use to be lazy?

Ex. 68

1. It is so nice to spend time by the sea and look at waves.

2. It took me 4 hours to do complete all the tasks.

3. It’s not the right time to argue.

4. Do you understand how important it is to get ready for each class?

5. It hardly ever snows in October.

6. When did it snow last time?

7. It is quite chilly outdoors today.

8. It’s almost impossible to learn anything in this noise.

9. It froze at night and now it’s slippery.

10. How long does it usually take you to get home?

Ex. 69

1. satisfied 2. exhausting/tiring 3. shocking 4. confusing 5. amused 6. amazing 7. frightened 8. annoying 9. disappointed 10. worried 11. terrifying 12. disappointed 13. surprising/shocking 14. disappointed 15. fascinating 16. disgusted 17. disappointing 18. shocked 19. tiring 20. disgusting 21. charmed 22. bored 23. astonishing 24. exciting 25. charming 26. horrified 27. boring 28. surprised 29. astonished 30. embarrassed 31. surprising 32. shocking 33.excited 34. amazed

Ex. 70

A. – Do you know where the vet lives?

— No, I don’t. But I have his phone number.

— I called him an hour ago but nobody answered.

— Really? He always answers calls, even late at night.

— Wait. I think Fred knows where the vet lives. Let’s call him and ask to show us the way.

— A great idea. By the way, is your dog ill?

— Yes, it has a high temperature and it doesn’t eat anything.

— Did it eat anything yesterday?

— No, it only drank water. And its nose is hot.

— OK, then show it to the doctor.

B. – How long did it take you to repair the car?

— Around three hours. I finished the work at 12.

— What did you do then?

— I had a rest and watched football on TV. Do you like football?

— No, I don’t. I don’t like sport. I am fond of fishing and hunting.

— I went fishing a week ago. The catch was great!

— Really? What exactly?

— About three kilos. I went fishing with my brother. He is a good fisherman.

— I remember. I wanted to go to the lake yesterday too. But the weather was awful. It rained in the morning. I got up, took a look at the sky and went back to sleep.

— Unfortunately, it often rains here… Sorry, I have little time now; see you at work on Monday!

— See you!

Ex. 71

1. will go 2. will show 3. will fly 4. will be 5. will rain 6. will cost 7. will help 8. will move 9. will know 10. will water

Ex. 72

1. start, will find 2. is ready, will publish 3. will come 4. will start 5. calls 6. get, will put up 7. will stop 8. will be 9. don’t finish, will help

Ex. 73

1. When will your friends go to Egypt? 2. Who will show me into my room? 3. When will people fly to Mars? 4. How old will your sister be next month? 5. Will it rain in summer? 6. How much will it cost me to clean the car? 7. What will help me to write the report? 8. When will the family move into the new house? 9. How soon will I know the answer? 10. Will you water the plants tomorrow?

Ex. 75

1. When it is warm we will go to the forest.

2. If it rains next week there will be mushrooms in the forest.

3. Do you know when the summer will come?

4. If John’s brother doesn’t help him they won’t finish the work on time.

5. Ask Granny if she will come for the weekend.

6. I think we won’t stay at this hotel. It is too expensive.

7. Will you hand over the documents to John?

8. Shall I stay at home with you?

9. Pay the bills before you leave the city.

10. As soon as we arrive at the hotel I will call you.

11. If we see Tom I will ask him to give the book back.

12. Wait for me here until I come back.

Ex. 77

1. Usually we go to the cinema on Sundays. It was Sunday yesterday but we didn’t go to the cinema because the weather was bad. We’ll go there next weekend.

2. Where were you the day before yesterday? – I was in the country. I always go there when I have free time. I will go there tomorrow. Do you want to go with me?

3. Why didn’t you buy bread? We have no bread at home. Will you go to the shop once again?

4. Shall I give you his number? – No, thanks. I got it yesterday.

5. When I am in Berlin, I will drop in at this restaurant. Do you remember that you told me about it?

6. I was in Rome two years ago last time. I will go there again some day. I love this city.

7. Have a good rest. We will go to work very early tomorrow.

8. Who picked up the receiver when you called the Browns? – Their little daughter. She said that nobody (else) was at home and asked me to call back later.

9. Would you like to try this dish? – No. It isn’t tasty. I tried it when I was in Greece.

10. Would you like some more juice? – No, thanks. It is too sweet. I would like some tea.

11. We will be in Egypt in a few days. Will we see the Pyramids? – Yes, of course. If you want, we will go there.

12. Is there a shooting gallery in our town? – I was there a couple of years ago. I think it is closed now.

Ex. 78

slow –slower – the slowest, clever – cleverer – the cleverest, easy – easier – the easiest, soft – softer – the softest, industrious – more industrious – the most industrious, bright – brighter – the brightest, intelligent – more intelligent – the most intelligent, beautiful – more beautiful – the most beautiful, interesting – more interesting – the most interesting, long – longer – the longest, hard – harder – the hardest, comfortable – more comfortable – the most comfortable, convenient – more convenient – the most convenient

Ex. 79

1. My brother is older than your sister. 2. These cars are better and newer than those in our garage. 3. Your task is simpler than mine. 4. He is as clever as his father. 5. It was warmer at the weekend than (it is) now. 6. There was more snow this winter than two years ago. Или (чтобы использовать прилагательное) – This winter was snowier than the winter two years ago. 7. The Nile is the longest river in the world. 8. My friend lives farther from the city centre than I do. Или (чтобы использовать прилагательное) – My friend’s place is farther from the city centre than mine. 9. Grandpa is the oldest/eldest in our family. 10. John is not so strong/not as strong as Jack. 11. This is the most interesting film of this year.

Ex. 80

1. You look stunning in the new dress! 2. It is nice to have a house somewhere at the seaside. 3. Some kinds of cheese smell strong/sharp/pungent. 4. Does this fruit really taste bitter? 5. Your offer sounds attractive but I am afraid I will not have time tomorrow. 6. Jill feels bad today, don’t call her please. 7. Do you feel proud of your country? 8. Do you really think it is beautiful? 9. It smells disgusting in the cellar, maybe there are some rotten vegetables there. 10. I feel absolutely indifferent about what she thinks of us. 11. Your perfume smells delicious. 12. It only seems easy and one has to think more in fact. 13. Do you feel sick? You may go home then. 14. It sounds not bad! 15. You look tired and it’s time to have a rest.

Ex. 81

1. The weather today is (much) worse than yesterday.

2. The film I watched yesterday is not so interesting as the one I watched last week.

3. I am sure that Maths is more important for you than Geography.

4. The restaurant is much more expensive than the café. We’d better not waste our money.

5. The sooner the better.

Ex. 84

1. slowly 2. an outstanding, professionally 3. peacefully 4. seriously 5. earlier 6. longer 7. more careful 8. deep, nearly 9. longer 10. cheaper 11. older 12. oldest/eldest 13. dark, early 14. The longest, the shortest 15. slowly, carefully

Ex. 85

A. 1. What does your mom think about the new suit? – She says it does not suit me at all. – You bought it in Italy, didn’t you? – Yeah, I bought it at a boutique when I was there two years ago. It cost a lot. – How much? – Something around 400 Euros. – Oh, it was really expensive. What are you going to do with it? – I don’t know. I’ll probably give it to my sister.

2. Someone took Bill’s phone at work by mistake yesterday. Did you call him in the morning? – Yes, but he was not available.

3. Let’s try on these boots. They are cheap but the leather is good. I’ll buy them for you if they fit. – Okay, I’m not against it.

4. Our trip to Rome depends on the travel agency. They say that it will be difficult to make a reservation with a good hotel at the height of the season.

5. This snake is not so dangerous as the viper. It is the least venomous of all the African snakes.

6. There are almost 200 people in the hall. Is it more than last time? – A lot more. The performance today is more interesting.

7. Your brother plays the guitar better than you (do).

8. What ice-cream do you like most of all? – I don’t like strawberry ice-cream, but I am crazy about bilberry ice-cream.

9. Write more neatly, I can’t make out your handwriting!

10. I don’t take this person seriously – he promises a lot but does little.

11. The weather got much better in the afternoon but it turned worse in the evening again.

12. Peterson is a brave soldier. He understands everything perfectly and acts slowly but surely.

13. We thought differently but got the same answer. Two heads are better than one.

14. I used to attend the gym in 2016 but now I go there more rarely.

B. My brother is an educated person who reads a lot of books. I often ask him what book is more interesting and he always advises me to read something. He is older than me and knows Hidtory well. He thinks so at least. But dad knows even more. It is all right because he is older. Brother says that when he is fifty he will know as much as dad does.

I am not really fond of History. Maths is more interesting for me. I do difficult tasks. I understand that they get more difficult year by year. Next year I will leave school. The exams will be difficult but it is interesting for me. I do well at school and work hard because I want to reach my goals.

Ex. 86

1. Mary and Jane are walking in the park now. 2. They are not watching the news right now. 3. Are you listening to the music? 4. Who is washing the dishes in the kitchen? 5. Are you having breakfast now? 6. Where are they hurrying (to)?

Ex. 87

1b 2e 3k 4f 5i 6d 7j 8c 9g 10h 11l 12a

Ex. 88

1. are going; go

2. is Pete doing; don’t know; is

3. is sitting

4. cooks; doesn’t like; is cooking

5. Do you understand; am talking

6. sleeps; is not sleeping

7. is scratching; hate; does

8. is going; are you fighting

9. Does your father believe; says

10. Do you want; am

11. is going

12. is; is changing; it is going to rain (going to выражает высокую вероятность)

Ex. 89

1. What is Sam going to do on Monday? — He is going fishing. – Are you going with him? – No, I’m going to work all day long. I am going fishing in a week. Would you like to go with me? – No, I’m going with Sam, it’ll be more convenient.

2. I know that you are going to buy a house here. Is that true? – Yes, we sold our old house last month. – We are going to be neighbours then. I am Mr Rogers. And you? – My name is Ann, and this is my husband Michael. Nice to meet you. – Nice to meet you too. When are you going to move in? – In a week. We are going to invite you to the housewarming party.

3. Who else is going to come to the concert? – All of my friends.

4. Are you going (to go) on a picnic? No, we are going to stay at home. It is going to be the coldest day tomorrow. The weather forecast says so.

5. He is going to start a new life after New Year.

Ex. 92

1. When we arrive in Moscow we’ll stay at a hotel. – And what are you going to do in the evening? – We’ll go for a walk if the weather is good.

2. Look out of the window. – It’s snowing. There is so much snow! ­– It is going to snow all night long.

3. I am trying to fall asleep. Turn down the music.

4. Mom is cooking, so she can’t pick up the receiver.

5. What does John do? – He’s a driver. But he isn’t working now and he is looking for a job.

6. This artist’s pictures are very popular and people buy them willingly. I bought one of his landscapes last year too.

7. I’m not going to help Peter. He’ll do everything by himself. – Are you sure? – Absolutely. If he needs help, he’ll ask us himself.

8. Why is the dog looking at us like that? Maybe, it is hungry.

9. I’m going to take a nap, I’m really tired today. Will you close the door?

10. What would you like for dinner? – I am not going to have dinner because I am getting fat (putting on weight).

11. Do the room while I am doing the shopping. – When are you going to come back? – I’ll return right before the film starts. – Good. Shall I wash the dishes? – If you have time, do, please. I’ll be grateful to you for that.

12. When did you meet your sister last time? – It was two years ago. – Do you know that she called yesterday? She is coming to us for the weekend. – No, I don’t. How long is she going to stay with us? – For a couple of days, I think.

Ex. 95

We went to the cinema on Sunday. We liked the film “The Expendables” very much. It is one of the best films I have ever seen. I don’t really like action films and watch them rarely, but this time the special effects were great.

After the cinema we went to a café and spent about an hour there. We quietly spoke about everything, discussed the news and problems. There were few people there; we listened to nice music and came back home before ten o’clock. I always try to come home on time, not later than eleven o’clock. As a rule, I get up early because I have a lot of things to do.

Today is a day-off and I am going to clean my room and help my parents about the house. In the afternoon we will go to the supermarket for shopping. It is not far from home and it usually takes us about ten minutes to get there. There are fewer cars on the roads at the weekend than on weekdays. In the evening I would like to have a rest and read something. I will probably watch a film. Though books are better than films. When I have a little time I try to read. The more I read the more I learn. Do you know an English joke, “The more we learn the more we know. The more we know the more we forget. The more we forget the less we know. Why (should we) study?”

Next year I am leaving school and I am going to enter the university. That’s why I’m working really hard now.

I’m working on my English quite a lot now. If you translate this exercise without any mistakes, it means, that you know English better than me (than I do). I made a few mistakes in this task yesterday.

Ex. 96

1. Peter has just returned from abroad. 2. Have you passed the exams successfully? 3. We have never watched this film. 4. Father has already done all the shopping. 5. Have you sent the letters yet? 6. Have you ever been to the United States? 7. How many times has your friend visited the capital of England? 8. They have not built their new house yet. 9. Have you seen any interesting films recently? 10. Why haven’t your friends invited you to their housewarming party?

Ex. 97

1. It has finally snowed! – When did it snow?

2. He has given up smoking. – When did he give it up?

3. He has just returned. – When did he return?

4. He has passed his exams. – When did he pass them?

5. He has got his diploma recently. – When did he get it?

6. The cat has scratched the boy. – When did it scratch him?

7. John has spilt some water. – When did he spill it?

8. John has written the composition. – When did he write it?

9. John has heard the news. – When did he hear it?

10. He has moved to France recently. – When did he move there?

Ex. 98

1*. The tastiest (most tasty – вариант нормы) dish I have ever eaten is …

2. The fastest animal I have ever seen is …

3. The most beautiful building I have ever seen is …

4. The most interesting book I have ever read is …

5. The lowest temperature we have ever had (here) is …

6*. The friendliest (most friendly – вариант нормы) man I have ever met is …

7. The tallest man I have ever known is …

8. The best café I have ever visited is …

9. The longest concert I have ever visited was …

10. The best actress I have ever known is …

*В современном английском языке наблюдается тенденция к использованию форм more/most даже с двусложными прилагательными. При выполнении экзаменационных заданий лучше делать выбор в пользу суффиксов там, где это возможно!

Ex. 101

1. We have just washed the car and it is raining again!

2. Don’t forget to take the camera. – I have already put it in the bag.

3. Have you seen my keys anywhere? – Yeah, they are in the kitchen. You put them on the window-sill yesterday.

4. Would you like some ice-cream? – No, thanks. I’ve just had two strawberry cones of ice-cream.

(ice-creams – допустимый вариант в значении «порции», но на экзаменах его лучше не использовать)

5. What has happened? – A bucket of paint has fallen from the second floor onto John’s car.

6. Has Tom gone to Ireland yet?

7. How many times have you seen your American nephew?

8. It’s the second time Mary has ridden a horse. She is still afraid (to do it).

9. Have you learnt German yet? – No, I am still learning it.

10. Many events have happened since last August.

11. I haven’t been to the country-house since I came back from Egypt.

12. Have you lived all your life in St Petersburg? – No, just the last 20 years. I lived in Omsk in my childhood.

13. Let’s go for a walk. It has just stopped raining.

14. Uncle Joe is the most interesting storyteller I have ever met in my life.

15. We have been to South Africa five times. We flew there last autumn last time.

16. Have you ever tasted black caviar? – I have never tried it because I do not like even red caviar.

17. Haven’t seen you for ages! How are you doing, old chap?

18. They have never had a car. But they are going to buy something in the near future.

19. I haven’t bathed/gone swimming this summer yet. What about you? – No, the summer has been cold so far. I am not going to bathe (at all).

20. John didn’t prepare for the exams when he had time and he has failed all of them as a result.

21. It is the tenth time you have asked me about the time. What are you waiting for?

22. What are you doing? – I am writing a composition. – Haven’t you finished it yet? – I have completed the text and now I am checking it for mistakes.

23. John has missed the trained and now he is coming back home.

24. Have you heard anything about Ann? – No, nothing ever since she went abroad.

25. I have read about this event three times in newspapers recently.

26. Are you waiting for a call? – Yes, John promised to give a call but hasn’t phoned yet.

27. Have you washed yet? – No, I’m just going to. – Hurry up, we are pressed for time.

28. Don’t drive so fast. We’ve just missed the second petrol station.

29. Tell brother that we are leaving. – I have just told him that. He is going downstairs.

Ex. 103

1. We worked a lot yesterday and couldn’t wake up quickly.

2. Can you help me? I am going to wash the car.

3. We could hear a noise in the distance.

4. Even Mr Watts couldn’t answer the question. Can you?

5. Could you bring me a bucket of water?

6. The dog can’t sleep because it has hurt its leg recently.

7. Can you run three kilometres without a stop?

8. I can’t understand you. Speak more slowly, please.

9. He has never been able to hurt anyone.

10. I can’t install the program myself. – I think your brother could help.

11. My friend has always been able to run better than I do.

12. It’s surprising that Tom was able to help you with the repairs of the motorbike. I thought he didn’t understand how to do it.

13. Will you be able to come to the exam at eight?

14. Who was able to answer all the questions of the test correctly?

15. It snowed so heavily on Sunday that we couldn’t get back to the city from the village.

Ex. 104

1. May we take your bike?

2. May I smoke here?

3. You may come earlier. I will be on the spot.

4. May I come in?

5. May I go out?

6. You may find this educational film in Room 34.

7. You may buy and take this medicine if you don’t find the one the doctor prescribed.

8. May I have some more pie? It is so tasty.

9. You may find some authentic manuscripts by Lermontov at this museum.

10. May I come a bit later tomorrow?

11. We were never allowed/we have never been allowed to be late for Physics classes.

12. Were you allowed to take the book home from the library?

13. Next year the students will be allowed to use dictionaries during the examination.

14. What are we allowed to bring to the exam?

15. The children were finally allowed to miss school because of the frost.

Ex. 105

1. You must brush your teeth before you go to sleep.

2. We have to go right now! It’s 5:35.

3. What are you to do in the evening? Do you remember?

4. You mustn’t write quickly – write neatly!

5. You are to show your ticket before you get on the train.

6. We didn’t have to wait long, the teacher returned soon.

7. You will have to write the composition after all.

8. You mustn’t touch the kettle – it’s hot!

9. John will have to go to work tomorrow although it will be Sunday.

10. John has never had to ask his father for help.

11. We are to be in front of the school at 8.30 on Saturday.

12. The driver had to spend two more hours in the car although it was very cold outdoors.

13. I will have to work hard on the report – 10 pages are left.

14. Last time we had to answer 30 questions of the test, now there are 50!

15. Fortunately, nobody had to worry.

Ex. 106

1. You may like the new book by J. Rowling.

2. The shop must be open on Sunday.

3. I may remember this rule but I’d rather revise it.

4. These boots might be tight.

5. You must undoubtedly find all the answers to your questions on our website.

6. The shoes could go with your dress.

7. This must be tasty.

8. He might pass the exam.

9. He could learn the poem in ten minutes, but he is so lazy.

10. He may be late.

Ex. 107

1. You should be careful when you cross the road.

2. You shouldn’t ask such simple questions; you can find the answers yourself.

3. What should one do in such a situation?

4. You should copy the answers to a special sheet not later than 10 minutes before the end of the exam.

5. Where should we park the car?

Ex. 108

1. You needn’t worry – we’ll do everything on our own, without your help.

2. What do you need for the report?

3. Elderly people need care and support.

4. Your friends don’t need to think where to stay. They may come to us.

5. Do you need any other tools for work?

Ex. 109

1. On Sunday we are to be at the railway station at 6 a.m.

2. Chris must be late. We have to start.

3. You don’t need to come too early.

4. You shouldn’t come home so late – you don’t get enough sleep.

5. How many people can you take in your car? – Four.

6. May I sit down next to you? – Yes, the seat is vacant.

7. This book may be difficult for you, take something easier to read.

8. How can you be so calm?

9. Could you bring me some water? My hands are dirty.

10. You might be able to translate the text.

11. We couldn’t take a boat ride last week because of the nasty weather.

12. Will you be able to give us a lift to the country-house at the weekend?

13. We’ll have to wait for one and a half hours more.

14. You should answer all the questions in the test even if you don’t know something.

15. I have never been able to play this tune without mistakes.

16. You shouldn’t worry about tomorrow.

17. John can’t find your house, he has just called me.

18. What will you have to read for the next school year in summer?

19. He doesn’t ever have to cook by himself.

20. He must be ill if he is not at school.

Ex. 110

1. had passed 2. had arrived 3. had owned 4. had never been 5. had just begun 6. had visited 7. had lived 8. had never seen 9. had not played 10. had already disappeared

Ex. 111

1. Hardly had our friends cooked the dinner when we arrived.

2. After John had finished school he entered the university.

3. Jenny had never been so happy in her life before she met Tom.

4. I played the film (back) on the tablet right after the plane had taken off.

5. Why hadn’t you told me about it before you sold your car? I wanted to buy it.

6. Hardly had Tom proposed a toast when the door opened and Roger appeared on the threshold. I had never seen such an expression on his face before.

7. Did you ask him yesterday if h had taken the pump? – No, I completely forgot about that.

8. After the sun had set, we packed our things and headed for home.

9. Hardly had I began to work, when the telephone rang.

10. I had printed out the report for Monday before I went to bed.

Ex. 113

Before we went to the sea we had thought how to get there. Finally we came to the conclusion that we had never driven so far yet.

It took us two days to pack our things and get ready. We decided to live in a tent at a campsite. It helped us (to) save money and it was more interesting than staying at a hotel. There were four of us who went there – dad, mom, my younger sister and I. Sister had never been to the sea before. And I had been there only once but hardly remembered anything.

We spent two days on the way. Fortunately, the weather was lovely and it was not too hot in the car. On the way there we put up at a hotel and the next evening we were on the spot. Hardly had we arrived when I ran down to the water. I had never seen such clean water before! The beach wasn’t crowded and I decided to have a swim in the sea at once. The water was warm. Before we left, I had put my scuba mask and snorkel in my bag. I took them out immediately and tried to find something at the bottom where the sea was deeper. And I did! It was a coin which someone had thrown there long before I found it. When I cleaned it I could read, “1923”. That coin was almost 90 years old. And it was just the first day at the seaside. I had never found anything like that before. I still have this coin under the glass on my desk. Now it’s clean and shiny.

We spent one and a half weeks by the sea. It was an unforgettable time. I often remember the trip and want to come back there. But now I’m preparing for my exams and I am going to enter the university. Unfortunately, I am short of time now. Maybe, if I have enough free time in summer after the examinations I will go there again, by train this time. I do not drive yet but I am going to get a driving licence when I am eighteen.

Before we left, I had promised to come back again and threw a new coin into the sea. Perhaps, someone will find it in 80 or 90 years. But it is going to be another story…

Ex. 114

1. Where I stuck my keys, I don’t know.

2. How we found the way in the dark, I haven’t got the slightest idea.

3. Who wrote this story, we never found out.

4. “It was Sid who spilt the sugar on the table, not me! “, Tom said, offended.

5. It was a student from your class who answered all the questions correctly.

6. It was Mike who smashed the window when we were playing football.

7. What we need is (the) truth.

8. What I can’t stand id cigarette smoke.

9. What she likes is what roses.

10. Believe me – she does support your decision.

11. I have asked you several times. Don’t you remember how exactly you answered?

12. We did consider all the options, but none of them was suitable.

13. The film was horrible indeed.

14. At that very moment he appeared on the threshold.

15. Mr Leeds droned on and on and I nearly fell asleep soon.

16. I revised and revised the poem until I remembered it so well that I was able to recite it starting with any line.

17. Sally tried to start the engine again and again but the battery was empty.

Ex. 115

1. came, was sleeping, walked, switched on, had

2. was taking, saw, said

3. looked, was raining, told, was sleeping

4. did it happen, was going, saw, was

5. were you doing, tried, was, was talking, were discussing

6. was, managed

7. met, didn’t recognize, was not wearing, was looking/looked

8. were going, came, stayed

9. was sitting/were sitting, drinking

10. Did you have, were

Ex. 116

1. have you been; haven’t been

2. have; will phone; come back

3. sits; goes; had to; went

4. are you crying; aches/is aching; will take

5. is; will visit; will be able; will have

6. are you leaving; don’t know; haven’t bought

7. am thinking; haven’t come; will let

8. am; is; is talking; will wait

9. is sitting and thinking; took; told; doesn’t know

10. called; was doing; couldn’t; told; had prepared; was going

Ex. 118

1. While you were sleeping I managed to cook dinner.

2. At 9 o’clock I was still sleeping but at 9:30 I was hurrying to work.

3. While I was going upstairs I saw that someone had dropped a glove. I picked it up and put on the window-sill.

4. Tom and Mary met their friends at the café while they were standing in a queue.

5. We were riding our bikes from 3 to 4 on Sunday evening. Did you see us? – No, I was at the hairdresser’s at that time.

6. Where are you? – I am waiting for my appointment with the dentist. – Wait, you were sitting at the dentist’s at the same time yesterday. – Right, I have to come here twice.

7. John was sadly looking out into the street – the leaves were falling slowly onto the ground. He didn’t like autumn.

8. Who were you having dinner with when I called you? – We had an important conversation with Mr Brown. We were sitting at the café “De la Paix”.

9. We were going to go to the country yesterday morning, but it was raining all day long and we postponed the trip till Monday.

10. John found this old photo while he was rummaging through the stuff in the attic.

Ex. 121

1. What will you be talking about when you meet your sister?

2. Will Jenny be sleeping when I call? I am afraid to wake her up.

3. I will be busy from ten to noon tomorrow. I will be taking an exam.

4. They will be worrying if we don’t come on time?

5. When will you be coming/going home tomorrow?

6. Take your bag from me when you are coming back home tomorrow.

(The Present Continuous используется потому, что в придаточных времени не используются формы Future)

7. Call Ann when you are in Korolev Street. She will be waiting for you at the corner, by the chemist’s

8. They will be celebrating Mie’s birthday the whole day on Sunday. Will you go there?

9. Where will you be cycling tonight? I want to ride with you.

10. You will be able to find me at the café from 9 till 10. I will be having supper there and then I will go home.

Ex. 123

1. You had an opportunity to ask the teacher this question yesterday. (С модальным глаголом в этом случае следует применить перфектную форму инфинитива, чтобы обозначить нереализованное действие: You could have asked the teacher this question yesterday) I can’t help you with such a task. – When I remembered my question the teacher had already left. – Try to do the task on your own then. If you don’t cope with it, I will call Mrs Hudson and she will be able to help you.

2. May I stay here until the rain stops? – Sure, you needn’t ask me about this. We will still be working from nine to ten. – Thanks, I left my umbrella at home, though I had thought about it before I went out.

3. What do I need to do in this exercise? – Read the task and answer the questions. Write a few sentences in each answer.

4. We will have to go back to the city on Sunday. – Why? – I am trying to reach Mrs Anders on the phone now, but he is not available. If he doesn’t call back, I will need to meet him tomorrow. – And if he does? – Then we are going to stay here till Tuesday.

5. While we were putting up the tent the wind blew out the fire. – I didn’t see that! – It’s not that easy to make a fire in the rain. Yesterday it took me a whole hour to make it. – I agree. Well, let’s go and get some dry branches.

6. Where does your brother usually keep the key to the garage? – On the shelf in his room. – I’ve just looked for it there but I haven’t found anything. – What do you need it for? – I want to take the pump to pump up (inflate) the ball. – You can take mine. – Thanks. – Have you got a special needle for balls? – Oh, I didn’t think about that.

7. You are always leaving the light on! I am tired of asking you to turn it off. – Don’t get angry. Next time I will definitely turn off the light before going to sleep. – You always say so and never do this.

Ex. 125

1. have been painting 2. has been sleeping 3. haven’t seen 4. have you been learning 5. has been watching 6. have been looking 7. have been running

Ex. 126

1. We have been walking for two hours and we are tired. 2. John’s parents have been living in this town for twenty years. 3. Why are you so amused? – We have been watching a comedy. 4. How long have you been driving? – About eleven hours. 5. Where is Alex? – He has been repairing the car since early morning. 6. I haven’t been sleeping all night – there have been a lot of mosquitoes in the room. 7. Mr Watts has been writing books since 1999.

Ex. 127

1. We have been translating the texts for a week but we haven’t finished the work yet.

2. John is sawing the bushes but he has sawn ten ones so far.

3. Mary is writing a composition in her room, she has been writing it for a couple of hours.

4. Scientists have been solving this problem for years.

5. Tell John to stop playing computer games, he has been sitting there for three hours.

6. How long have you been (staying) here? – About a week. We are leaving tomorrow.

7. Somebody has eaten all the ice-cream in the fridge.

8. They have been talking on the phone for half an hour.

9. Have you discussed all the questions yet? – Not yet, but we are going to finish.

Ex. 128

1. had been discussing 2. had been living 3. had been cooking 4. had been dreaming 5. had been raining

Ex. 129

1. Mary and Jane had been painting the walls for two days before I came to help them.

2. Nick had been sleeping for ten hours when the alarm clock went off.

3. The Past Perfect Continuous невозможен

4. How long had you been learning Japanese before you went to Japan for the first time?

5. He couldn’t sleep. He had been watching horror films the whole evening.

6. I had been looking for the lost ring everywhere for several days until I found it in the car.

7. Why were you so sweaty when I met you? – I had been running around the park for an hour.

Ex. 130

1. will have painted 2. will have passed 3.  will have returned 4. will have been staying 5. will have been studying 6. will have cleaned away 7. will have been working 8. will have finished 9. will have stopped 10. will have built

Ex. 131

1. By the end of the year we will have done all the tasks from this textbook.

2. When the guests arrive, mom and granny will have already cooked all the dishes.

3. By the end of the week I will have been working on the report for a whole month.

4. Will you have finished the report by the end of the week?

5. How many cars will the plant have produced by the end of the year?

6. I’m afraid that they will have sold out all the phones by New Year. Let’s buy one tomorrow.

Также можно использовать sell out в значении «распродаться» в активном залоге:

… the phones will have sold out by…

7. Don’t worry, they won’t have sold them out even in January, there are about 500 items available.

8. Will you have moved into the new flat by the beginning of summer? – I hope so.

9. Wait a bit longer, we will have completed the repairs by the weekend.

10. How long will you have been living here next year? – Exactly 30 years.

Ex. 134

1. This tune is always played when we have parties.

2. The work has been just finished (by Nick).

3. Mike is always laughed at.

4. A new sink (washbasin) was set up in the bathroom yesterday.

5. Peter wasn’t asked at the lesson.

6. The text is being slowly translated into German.

7. Alice wasn’t met by anyone at the airport.

8. This question will be discussed later.

9. The doctor has already been sent for.

10. The equipment has been broken!

11. Tasty biscuits are sold at the café.

12. The room was being cleaned when the vase was dropped.

13. Jim was told not to touch the rifle.

14. The car will be washed in an hour, OK?

15. He won’t be offered anything worthy.

16. Little Trevis was taken care of by his grandmother in his childhood.

17. Christmas is celebrated widely around the country.

18. This house can be built within three weeks.

19. This dish should be cooked in the oven.

20. When I phoned you, Jill had already been taken to the railway station.

21. He wanted to know why the papers hadn’t been signed by Ann.

22. This books should be returned to the library by the end of October.

23. The brand-new Volkswagen will be shown at the exhibition in Geneva.

24. This article was translated into seven languages last year.

Ex. 135

The picture was painted by Malevich in 1900.

Jim was given a good mark at the exam.

The students weren’t informed of the changes in the timetable.

The window was broken and it was cold and wet inside the room.

The car was repaired in two hours.

The post has just been brought by the postman.

The new book is much spoken about.

Something tasty is being cooked in the kitchen. Do you smell it?

A beautiful melody was being played when I came into the hall.

Ex. 136

1. was painted 2. it hasn’t been cooked yet 3. was sold 4. has been chosen/was chosen 5. is driven 6. is forbidden 7. are forgiven 8. could be heard 9. must be learnt 10. was kept/had been kept; was found 11. was made 12. hasn’t been delivered 13. is spoken 14. were taught 15. is written

Ex. 137

1. When was the new town hall built? What was built in 1822?

2. What is visited annually by thousands of tourists? How often is the castle visited by tourists?

3. Who is being examined by the surgeon now? By whom is the patient being examined now?

4. What was being built in this city when you came? When was the bridge being built?
(Bторой вопрос встречается довольно редко, чаще используется просто the Past Simple Passive: When was the bridge built?)

5. What had been eaten by the time you came to the party? When had the cake been eaten?

Ex. 138

1. Independence Day is celebrated all around the country.

2. While we are away, the cat will be looked after by the neighbour.

3. You will be shown how southern plants can be grown in our region.

4. The exhibition will be opened on September, 23rd.

5. The children were impressed by what they had seen at the exhibition.

6. The new railway hasn’t been built yet.

7. The ship was saved thanks to the boatswain’s skill.

8. He is being operated on at the Military Hospital now. – He has just been successfully operated on.

9. The tent will be put up here – it’s a nice quiet place.

10. The fields were invaded by thousands of insects.

11. This room is occupied now but I can offer you a more spacious one instead.

12. John was asked what he thought of the new film. It had been so widely advertised.

13. The parcel was delivered on time.

14. Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon on April, 23rd, 1563.

15. The rule had been explained to the students but none of them understood it.

16. The battle scene was described later in The Iliad by Homer.

17. The saucepan needs to be washed as long as it’s warm.

18. ‘We were given/have been given sound advice’, — John thought.

19. Remember, cribs are prohibited at the exam.

20. Electricity was cut off/had been cut off for a few days.

Ex. 140

1. Swimming is a hobby of Mr. Watts’ nephew.

2. Are you afraid of diving?

3. Do you mind (my) smoking here?

4. Starting a new business is a great responsibility.

5. Go on telling the story you won’t distract me.

6. The people burst into laughing, none had heard anything like that before.

7. Now Mike is busy (with) washing the car, call him back later.

8. I’m sorry for interrupting you. The phone is ringing and I have to answer.

9. Are you interested in building a double garage for two homes?

10. He doesn’t like going shopping with his wife, just like most men.

11. The Importance of Being Earnest is one of O. Wilde’s plays.

12. I’m looking forward to going to the sea.

13. (The) bad weather prevented us from getting out fishing.

14. Practise reading the new words at home, we don’t have time for that now.

15. This is their way of living, no matter if we can understand it or not.

16. I see no point in painting such an old car.

17. There isn’t a slight chance of scoring another goal.

18. Jack’s sister has always blamed him for not helping her to find a job.

19. The doctor insisted on pulling out/removing the tooth.

20. Give up smoking and you’ll feel much better.

Ex. 141

1. The book written the last by the writer turned out to be the most successful for him.

2. Having done all the tasks in the test, Jack handed in his exercise-book to the teacher.

3. Winnie-the-Pooh was walking along the path singing a song.

4. Having been translated into Russian the article was easy to read.

5. Having signed all the papers, Mr. Johnson put them in one big folder.

6. The author’s foreword, opening the book, turned out to be very important for its understanding.

7. Be very careful crossing the road.

8. Having finished his breakfast, Mr Watts rose heavily from the table.

9. Beginning his dinner, Mr Watts wished everyone in the family bon appetit.

10. The ship sunk in the gulf during the war is still at the bottom of the ocean.

11. Being interested in the outcome of the investigation, Mr Watts called the detective nearly every day.

12. Having begun something important you should see it through.

13. Little Tom was mesmerized watching the majestic vessels going along the horizon.

14. Being eager to help his brother, Tom worked with him till dusk.

15. The two were sitting at the café, idling away the time on a hot summer day.

16. Mr. Smith was really surprised, having read the report of the new staff member.

17. The words used in the text are important for its understanding.

18. The mobile phone left in the cloak-room on December, 3rd can be collected from Room 410.

19. The place described in the article is in the north of Peru.

20. Swearing at each other, Sam and Nancy didn’t notice how they had missed the turn to Yellowstone.

Ex. 142

1. This language is too difficult to learn/to be learnt in one year.

2. They must still be writing the composition.

3. They must have been writing the composition since early morning.

4. You are too young to get a driving licence.

5. You are not old enough to drive a car.

6. There are five more text to translate/to be translated. Will you take it up?

7. I need another tube of blue paint to finish the picture.

8. To know English is to think in English.

9. The students were asked to sit down to desks one at a time.

10. This book might be useful for you.

11. Put on your jacket so as not to catch a cold.

12. To tell the truth, I do not believe him.

13. He was the first to reach the finish line.

14. You are too young to use a lipstick.

15. It is not easy to live a decent life.

16. You have to work hard to get a good education.

17. He wants to be listened to with attention.

18. She was happy to have moved to the country.

Ex. 143

1. My parents want me to become an engineer.

2. Do you expect all the guests to come?

3. Through the window Peter saw soldiers march along his street.

4. Have you heard that the new bridge has been opened?

5. I didn’t hear him tell you the news.

6. I didn’t want anyone to help me with the report.

7. We didn’t notice that the temperature outside had suddenly dropped.

8. Don’t you see that the dog is just afraid of you?

9. I have never seen him so angry.

10. Parents often make children clean their rooms.

11. Don’t let Jack be lazy – his future depends on you.

12. When do you expect the storm to break out?

13. Don’t make me raise my voice.

14. I hate the dog to bark at night. It does not let me sleep.

15. I saw that everyone was tired and wanted to leave. And I let them go home.

Ex. 144

1. Sam is known to be a talented doctor.

2. Mary is sure to come, don’t worry.

3. We are likely to be late.

4. He is supposed to speak Chinese well.

5. The little boy was made to put on a warm hat.

6. John is said to have left the country and now he lives in Belgium.

7. Mom was heard to be playing/to play the piano.

8. We were expected to go to the country on Sunday but it was raining the whole day and we had to stay at home.

9. This film is certain to be a success.

10. We turned out to live in the same house though we hadn’t met each other before.

11. Garlic is believed to be a great antibiotic.

12. The delegation is reported to have arrived in Moscow.

Ex. 145

A. 1. had bought, would have told

2. had brought, would have returned

3. tried, would do

4. had, would go

5. were, would have done

B. 1. lived, had, would attend

2. had had, would (not) have gone to school

3. hurried, would finish

4. were, would choose

5. had, would have

6. were, would have stopped

7. had had, would not be

8. were raining, would stay

9. knew, would have done

10. had not spoilt, it could have been

Ex. 146

1. If I hadn’t written down the task at the lesson yesterday, I wouldn’t be ready today.

2. If it is cold outside, I will put on a sweater.

3. If I were you I would speak more quietly.

4. If you had asked me to bring the camera, I wouldn’t have refused.

5. What would you do if you were me?

6. If you hadn’t helped me with the homework yesterday, I would have never done it.

7. If I were you I would put down the sentences in a copybook.

8. I wish we could stay for a few more days.

9. If you were more attentive you would make fewer mistakes generally and you wouldn’t have made so many mistakes in the last test.

10. I wish I could speak Japanese, because I like the country so much.

11. If it hadn’t been for the circumstances, we would have gone to the Maldives on vacation.

12. If you hadn’t asked me, I would have completely forgotten about the present.

13. If you had finished everything yesterday we would have gone to the cinema.

14. If I hadn’t taken up painting in my childhood, I wouldn’t have become an artist (I wouldn’t be an artist).

15. John could repair the car himself if he wanted to.

16. What would you have done back then if you had been in my place?

17. What would you have asked Leonardo Da Vinci about, if you had met him?

18. I wish we could talk by Skype today. The Internet is running slow.

19. If you had watched this horror film, you would have never fallen asleep.

20. If I had been able to choose something, I wouldn’t have left Dresden at that time.

21. You would understand me better if you knew all the circumstances.

Ex. 147

1. the 2. a, the 3. the 4. the 5. -, the 6. -, — 7. the 8. a 9. a, a 10. the 11. the, the, — 12. the, the 13. a 14. the, the, a, — 15. a/the, a 16. a, the 17. -, the 18. – 19. the, -, the, the, — 20. the, the, the 21. a 22. the (x6) 23. the, the, the 24. the 25. the 26. a 27. -, the, the 28. the, a the 29. the, the 30. the 31. the, a, the 32. the 33. a 34. – 35. the, the, the 36. the/- 37. the, — , the 38. the, the 39. – 40. the, the 41. the 42. a, a, the/- 43. a/the, a 44. the, the, the 45. the, the 46. a, a 47. the, the/-, the, — 48. the 49. The, the, the 50. the, the 51. the, — 52. the 53. the, — 54. the (x4) 55. the 56. the 57. a 58. the, the, a 59. a, the, the 60. the, an 61. the, the

Ex. 148

1. Why didn’t you keep the promise?

2. If you give a promise, you must keep it.

3. The collector purchased one of the last works by Monet.

4. The extreme continental climate of Siberia is characterized by distinct divisions between the seasons.

5. Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia with a population of 9.5 million people.

6. This is the strangest film I have ever seen.

7. The Amazon is one of the longest rivers in the world.

8. Have you learnt the words on the topic ‘Healthcare’ from the new textbook yet?

9. We need to buy the grammar textbook. – Where are we going to buy it? – In the bookshop in Gagarin Street. It is not far from the university. 10. What do you think of her new dress? – The dress itself is okay, but I don’t like the colour. 11. The weather changes several times a day. 12. At the beginning of the 20th century most of the population lived in rural areas. 13. Do you like living in the city? – I do. – I would prefer living in a little town or even in a village. 14. Nature is a source of inspiration for people of art. 15. I cannot agree with the corrections in the composition. The teacher didn’t understand what I meant. 16. We are going to have a teacher of English from another school at the lesson today.  17. What’s the problem? – I can’t find any information on the fauna of New Zealand. I need this for my Geography report. 18. The pirate had a knife in the one hand and a pouch of golden coins in the other one. 19. All that glitters is not gold. 20. Let’s try to clean the silver on the jewel-box. 21. Winter is coming and we are going to have holidays at New Year. 22. The holidays last year were extremely boring. That was because of the weather. 23. What’s the weather like today? – It is still sunny, but the weather forecast says that there will be heavy rain at about 2 p.m. 24. The plants need rain.  The drought may destroy the harvest. 25. Drought is one of the negative factors in agriculture. 26. What’s that on the ceiling? – It is not a fly, just a little spot. 27. Don’t make a mountain out of a molehill. 28. The Solar System is a unique phenomenon in the Universe. 29. The Theory of Relativity is a branch of Physics which is studied in the 11 Grade of comprehensive school. 30. Draw a circle. – I can’t draw a circle of regular shape without compasses. – Just give it a try.

Trap 1

1. They suggested that we should hand in our luggage.

2. Do you suggest starting work at 6 o’clock?

3. Ann’s brother offered to help with the construction of the house.

4. If you are offered help, do not reject it.

5. Did they suggest that we should wait? – They did, I hope it won’t take longer than an hour.

Trap 2

1. After we had arrived at the station we decided to have a snack at a café.

2. When you arrive in an unfamiliar country, you should keep its cultural peculiarities in mind.

3. As soon as you arrive, call us.

4. Thousands of passengers arrive in Berlin every day.

5. After a three-hour trip we finally arrived at a/the deserted village.

Trap 3

1. On our way to the station we got into a traffic jam and missed the train.

2. Jane was only five minutes late, but her friend had already left the café.

3. Please, don’t be late for the concert. It is really important to your sister.

4. My colleague is punctual. he never comes late.

Trap 4

1. I have to reject your offer. The conditions do not suit me.

2. The curtains do not match the furniture in the room at all.

3. Have you dyed your hair? The new colour becomes you.

4. You need to find a scarf to go with the suit.

5. The jacket fits me but I don’t like the colour.

Trap 5

1. Do you think we should put other wallpaper on the walls in the bedroom?

2. What day do you think is the best day for us to go to the lake?

3. Why do you think the flowers have faded?

4. Where do you think we should put up for the night?

5. Who do you think will be able to answer this question?

Trap 6

1. It’s not convenient to get to the airport by this train.

2. Do you feel comfortable in your armchair?

3. You must have got into the same inconvenient situation.

4. These boots are not going to be comfortable, I’m sure.

5. It is not convenient to call so late – they must be sleeping.

Trap 7

1. There was nobody in the room besides us/except us.

2. John knows all the artists in the city except the youngest ones.

3. They speak their native language besides English and German.

4. I have watched all the films by Bergman except Fanny och Alexander.

5. There were students from European countries besides American students in the summer language camp.

Trap 8

1. I saw Jane on the other side of the street. I hadn’t met her ever since we graduated from the university.

2. ‘Where are the others?’, the teacher asked when he saw only five pupils in the classroom.

3. I was ready to choose another (some other) textbook, but there was nothing in the shop, and I had to prepare for the exam using what I had at home.

4. On the one hand it was an attractive idea to take a boat ride but on the other hand we had only three hours of free time and we wanted to see the whole city.

5. John had always wanted to see how other people lived abroad, so his first journey with his dad was so interesting and exciting.

Trap 9

1. Neither Mike nor his brother have been to Singapore before.

2. I’ll take either the umbrella or the raincoat. It looks like rain.

3. I don’t like walking in the rain. – Neither do I.

4. We have never tried such tasty apples. – Neither have we.

5. Neither of the police officers knew German.

Trap 10

1. Jack’s sister left school in 2005 and graduated from the university in 2011.

2. When we finish school I’ll study to be an engineer.

3. Is his sister still at school? I thought she left it last year.

4. Right after leaving school Mary went to Belgium and entered a university.

5. The certificate is to state that Mr Wilson entered the university in 1912 and graduated from it in 1917 taking the diploma of a general practitioner.

Trap 11

1. I have always been interested in historical books and films.

2. Alexander Nevsky is one of the key historic figures in Russian history.

3. John would like to have a more economical car, his present one is just a gas-guzzler.

4. Economic and political questions were of little interest to John – he was a born man of art.

5. A clear conscience is a guarantee of a happy life.

6. Having got lost in the forest, the tourists had been looking for the way-out for three days and were about to lose consciousness.

Trap 12

1. Tom is looking for a job now. He quit his previous one a week ago.

2. On Sunday you will have to come to work, but Monday will be a day-off.

3. How much would you ask for this job?

4. The job of a teacher is one of the most important and socially responsible ones.

5. Hand in you works before January, 20th.

6. Some of the works by Aivazovski are exhibited in our gallery.

7. Good job, Peter! Well done!

8. Many teenagers abroad find a part-time job on holidays.

9. Let’s get down to work. Enough of rest!

10. Father doesn’t like being distracted from his work.

11. Have you got two jobs at once?

Trap 13

1. Why don’t you come in time for classes?

2. You are just on time. Come in.

3. To come on time means to respect people.

4. We’ll have returned in time for dinner, don’t worry.

5. Trains always arrive on time.

Trap 14

1. Superb ceramics are made in this town.

2. If you do everything right you’ll get a two-digit number as a result.

3. Don’t make a mountain of a molehill as usual.

4. When Jane does the shopping she doesn’t think about the spent money.

5. Each of you has made at least two mistakes in the test.

Trap 15

1. The price of gasoline rose substantially at the end of last year.

2. Don’t raise your voice when speaking to me!

3. The sun doesn’t rise high above the horizon at this latitude in winter.

4. The chairman rose from his armchair and began to comment on the previous speeches.

5. At that time people raised good money in the goldfields.

6. Early to bed and early to rise makes people healthy, wealthy and wise.

7. It will definitely raise you level of self-esteem.

8. When I entered the room several people raised their eyes.

9. Scientists first raised this problem in the 18th century, and no solution to it has been found yet.

10. During the flood the water level rose to the critical value.

Trap 16

1. Take this jug and use it as a vase for flowers.

2. This smell is like the smell of lemons or oranges.

3. I always take a new book as the best present.

4. He behaves like crazy.

5. He is very kind and helpful as a person.

Trap 17

1. At first John couldn’t get used to the new surroundings but a week later he easily communicated with all the groupmates.

2. First, go to the shop, second, do your homework and then you’ll be able to switch on the computer.

3. First, you need to check the pressure, second – enter the value into the table.

4. At first it will be difficult but then you’ll grow accustomed to it.

5. First of all, call Mrs Hudson tomorrow and get to know what she wanted.

Trap 18

1. Every day we descended to the sea and swam till noon.

2. Each of the tasks requires a special approach.

3. Everyone can do this.

4. The bus to the city departs every thirty minutes.

5. Every time I see such photos, I want to go to the sea.

Trap 19

1. Do you often write each other?

2. All the inhabitants of the village know one another well.

3. They were standing and looking at each other from either side of the river.

4. The sisters were aware of each other’s problems.

5. Pass the blank sheets to one another, there are enough of them.

Trap 20

1. Jack’s sister is clever enough to go to school at the age of six.

2. This book is too big to put it in the bag.

3. You are too young to drive.

4. He is not responsible enough to be given such tasks.

5. The lamp is not bright enough to draw in its light.

Trap 21

1. I have never watched such an interesting film before.

2. It’s so tiring to be sitting the whole night and preparing for the exams.

3. I don’t like such stupid jokes.

4. This car is so powerful that it can tow a plane!

5. It impossible to swim in such cold water.

Trap 22

1. Why weren’t you allowed to stay for a few more days?

2. Who didn’t let you stay here?

3. The students have never been made to work so hard yet.

4. Don’t make the teacher raise his voice.

5. We will be allowed to use the new equipment next year.

Trap 23

1. Tell us what you know about dinosaurs.

2. We know that dinosaurs lived millions of years ago.

3. Let decide what we need for the picnic.

4. The younger schoolchildren do not understand yet what is most important for them at school.

5. Everyone says that June is not the best time for (a) rest.

6. We are not sure that we will be able to come to school on Saturday.

7. I remember that you invited me to the cinema.

8. Do you remember what I asked you to do at the weekend?

9. We have not decided yet what we can give them as a New Year present.

10. Tell me what piano music you played at the school-leaving party.

Trap 24

1. I always help people who ask me for help.

2. Where is the key which I gave you yesterday?

3. At New Year the Italians throw out useless things out of their windows.

4. Do you remember that I told you about the teacher who wipes the blackboard with his sleeve?

5. I can’t find the lights for the Christmas tree that we have bought today.

6. I don’t like the books which do not make us think about anything.

7. Tanya has finally found her copybook which she lost in September.

8. I admire people who are not prone to discuss others.

9. Show me the photos that you took on holidays.

10. The photographer, who made the graduation album for us, lives in our house.

Trap 25

1. Have you told her anything? – Yes, she knows everything now.

2. Sophie can talk on the phone with her friends for hours.

3. No one has told me about the changes in the timetable.

4. Now, what will you say to this?

5. First think then speak.

6. The suspect told the whole truth when he understood that any further resistance was impossible.

7. Let’s talk about this later, I need to go now.

8. If you tell this, everybody will laugh at you, but nobody will believe you.

9. Don’t talk Tom out of going abroad in winter.

10. Sometimes, one has to be really shrewd to tell fact from fiction.

Revision Exercises

Ex. 1

1. The cat always sleeps on the sofa in the kitchen but now he is sleeping in the living-room.

2. The Smiths have been building the house for two years and they are going to finish it soon. They are moving in in a couple of months. – Have they begun interior decoration yet? – Yes, everything is almost ready. Only the furniture hasn’t been assembled and the gas equipment hasn’t been set up yet.

3. You are getting on my nerves! Turn off this awful music or turn it down at least!

4. Where do Jane’s parents live? – In a flat in Lenin Street. But now they are living in the country, they always go there for the summer.

5. Have you ever been abroad? – Let me remember. To the Netherlands, Austria, Belgium. I’ going to go to New York in summer. – Oh, my friend is in New York right now, he has been staying there for a month and a half.

6. You are coming to us, aren’t you? – Yeah, I’m on my way. I have been driving for three hours.

7. The train leaves at 18.15. Don’t be late!

8. Where are you? – I’m waiting for you at the station.

9. Where are spare bike parts sold? – I believe, there’s a shop two blocks from here.

10. Are you going with us? – No, I’ve been working 16 hours a day for two weeks and I haven’t finished the work yet. I don’t have time.

Ex. 2

1. When I was at school I used to go to the skating rink.

2. I was not sleeping when you called. – Why did you have such a sleepy voice then? – It was not sleepy, just tired. I had been sitting at my computer for three hours and writing a program before that.

3. By the time John graduated from the university he had managed to learn three languages.

4. It was raining the whole of last week and we didn’t go for a walk a single time.

5. John never returned to his home town.

6. Why didn’t you ask the receptionist at the hotel how to get to the beach? – He didn’t speak English. We went there on our own and got lost. We had been wandering for about an hour until we decided to take a taxi. – Why didn’t you take a taxi at once? – It was expensive. We though we would be able to find the way by ourselves.

7. When I saw the plane landing in such a strong wind I was impressed.

8. Before I went to Spain I had never been abroad.

9. We would get on a train and go to the country for a week. It was a good rest from the hustle of the city.

10. They went on and on. They could hardly hope to find the way back until they reached a railway.

Ex. 3

1. He promised to come on Wednesday if he had time.

2. We were told that the car hadn’t been ready yet and we had to wait for half an hour more.

3. We understood that we had some more important tasks and got down to them.

4. Grandfather was telling his grandson about the war. It was a long time since the end of the war but all the events and details were still alive in the memory of the old soldier.

5. If John calls, give him my new number.

6. While we were coming back home, the rain stopped.

7. We got a letter with the reply saying that the Watts would be able to drop by for a couple of days when they were coming back home from the South.

8. We didn’t think that Woodstock was such a little town.

9. I looked out into the street and saw that it was still raining.

10. By the time we came back home the snow had already fallen.

Ex. 4

  • What would you do at leisure if you had more free time?
  • You know, I have always been fond of painting and now I dream of taking a brush in my hand.
  • Painting is beautiful but complicated.
  • I like difficult tasks. I have seen how pictures are painted. I have one artist among my acquaintances. It’s a woman. We got acquainted at a birthday party of our common friends. She invited me to her studio when she got to know that I was interested in art.
  • Great. A person often needs just an impetus to something new, right?
  • I agree. Next month I will have a vacation. And I promised myself to buy an artist’s kit and try to paint something.
  • For example?
  • There’s nothing more beautiful than landscapes in my opinion. I have lots of great photos from the places I’ve been to on vacation. They may serve as samples.
  • Are you sure you’ll cope with it?
  • Not at the first attempt, of course. I’m not going to paint details. It’s going to be rather impressionistic. I’ll try to catch the mood.
  • Sure. The colours are most important. As soon as the necessary combination is found, you can go on.
  • I have already learnt how to mix paints. It’s not so easy as I had thought before I came to the studio for the first time.
  • Who’s your favourite artist?
  • Aivazovski. His paintings are the most realistic in my view. He was a master of light. The people who attended his exhibitions thought that there was a hidden light behind the canvas.
  • Really? I’ve never heard about that!
  • Go to the gallery and make sure. It’s interesting that the paints have not lost their saturation. When you look at the night sky depicted in his landscapes, you are just fascinated by it.
  • How often do you watch the artist paint?
  • Not so often. Every other week.
  • Good luck then! It’s important to start then you are going to make it. Painting is a difficult science, but you’ll cope, I’m sure.
  • Thanks. I’ll definitely show it to you if I manage to create something nice.
  • Say ‘when’, not ‘if’. The more confident you are, the more chances of success you have.
  • OK. Call me, keep in touch!
  • You too. See you soon!
  • Bye!